Islam Vocab

Caliph 
--> (Arabic: khalifa) "successor"; a religious and political leader
Dhikr
--> A devotional remembrance of Allah through the recitation of his ninety-nine names and through other devotional practices
Fana
--> "Extinction"; the sense of loss of self in mystical experience
Hadith
--> "Recollection"; a r--emembrance of an act or saying of Muhammad (The plural is spelled hadiths or ahadith)
Hajj
--> Pilgrimage to Mecca
Hijra
--> "Flight"; Muhammad's escape from Mecca to Yathrib (Medina)
Id al-Adha/Eid al-Adha
--> The Day of Sacrifice during the month of the Hajj when an animal is sacrificed to recall the submission of Abraham
Id al-Fitr/Eid al-Fitr
--> The festival at the end of the month of Ramadan during which people feast and visit friends and often the graves of ancestors 
Imam
--> When capitalized, the word refers to one of the hereditary successors of Muhammad,who are venerated in Shiite Islam (When the word imam is not capitalized, it refers to a religious leader or to a leader of prayer
Islam
--> "Submission"; the Muslim religion and the community of believers who have submitted themselves to Allah
Jihad
--> "Struggle"; the ideals of (1) spreading Islamic belief and (2) heroic self-sacrifice
Kaaba/Kabah
--> "Cube"; the square shrine at the center of the Grand Mosque of Mecca
Khadijah
--> First wife of Muhammad
Mihrab
--> The decorated niche inside a mosque that indicates the direction of Mecca
Minaret
--> A tower used by a chanter to call people to prayer
Mosque
--> a Muslim place of worship
Muezzin
--> A chanter who calls people to prayer
Muslim
--> A person who submits to Allah
Qiblah
--> The direction toward Mecca; the direction toward which Muslims pray
Qur'an
--> "Recitation"; God's words as revealed to and recited by Muhammad; an authorized edition of the written words that appeared after Muhammad's death
Ramadan
--> The month of fasting; the ninth month of the Muslim calendar
Sharia/Shariah
--> "Path"; the whole body of Islamic laws that guides a Muslim's life
Shiite
--> A minority branch of Islam, which holds that Muhammad's genuine successors descended from his son-in-law Ali
Sufism
--> A group of devotional movements in Islam
Sunni
--> The majority branch of Islam; It holds that genuine succession from Muhammad did not depend on hereditary descent from his son-in-law Ali
Sura
--> A chapter of the Qur'an
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