Lecture 2

Racial Composition of the US (2010)
--> White : 72%
--> African American : 13%
--> Asian : 5%
--> Some other race : 7%
--> Two or more : 3%

Changes to Race or Ethnic Categories 
--> 1790: Free White, Non-taxed Indian, Slaves (3/5 of a person)
--> 1870: White, Black, Mulatto, Quadroon, Octoroon, Indian
--> 1990: White, Black, Japanese, Chinese, Indian
--> 1930: White, Black, Japanese, Chinese, Indian, Hindu, Korean, Mexican
--> 1980: White, Black or African American, American Indian and Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
--> 2000: "Check all that apply" (aka self reporting) 

US Census Definitions
--> White: "White" refers to a person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa. It includes people who indicate their race as "white" or reported entries such as Irish, German, Italian, Lebanese, Arab, Moroccan, or Caucasian. ~ notice how Middle Eastern, North African, and Arab people are considered white.
--> Black: "Black or African American" refers to a person having origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa. It includes people who indicated their race as "Black, African Am., or Negro" or reported entries such as African American, Kenyan, Nigerian, or Haitian. ~ notice the use of the word 'Negro' (which is to be taken out of the 2020 census) 
--> Asian: "Asian" refers to a person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent, including, for example, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam. It includes people who indicated their race(s) as "Asian" or reported entries such as "Asian Indian," "Chinese," "Filipino," "Korean," "Japanese," "Vietnamese," and "Other Asian" or provided other detailed Asian responses. ~ notice that Pakistan is included 
--> Native American: "American Indian or Alaska Native" refers to a person having origins in any of the original peoples of North and South America (including Central America) and who maintains tribal affiliation or community attachment. This category includes people who indicate their race(s) as "American Indian or Alaska Native" or reported their enrolled or principal tribe, such as Navajo, Blackfeet, Inupiat, Yup'ik, or Central American Indian groups or South American Indian Groups. 
--> Pacific Islander: "Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander" refers to a person having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands. It includes people who indicate their race(s) as "Pacific Islander" or reported entries such as "Native Hawaiian," "Guamanian or Chamorro," "Samoan," and "Other Pacific Islander" or provided other detailed Pacific Island responses. ~ notice that the Philippines are under the "Asian" category 
--> Other: "Some Other Race" includes all other responses not included in the White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander race categories described above. Respondents reporting entries such as multiracial, mixed, interracial, or a Hispanic or Latino group (for example, Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, or Spanish) in response to the race question are included  in this category. ~ Census states that 'Hispanic' is not a race (or can be of any race)

2017 Official Census Estimates
--> White: 76.6%
--> Black or African American: 13.4%
--> American Indian or Alaska Native: 1.3%
--> Asian: 5.8%
--> Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander: 0.2% 
--> Two or More Races: 2.7% 
--> Hispanic or Latino: 18.1%
--> White, Not Hispanic or Latino: 60.7%

Race: Objective Category or Subjective Identity? 

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