Shinto Vocab

Amaterasu:

“Shining in heaven”; goddess of the sun.

Bushido:

“Warrior knight way”; military devotion to a ruler, demanding loyalty, duty, and self-sacrifice; an ideal promoted by State Shinto.

Gagaku:

The stately ceremonial music of Shinto.

Ise:

Location in southeastern Honshu of a major shrine to Amaterasu.

Izanagi:

“Male who invites”; primordial male parent god.

Izanami:

“Female who invites”; primordial female parent god.

Jinja:

A Shinto shrine.

Kami:

A spirit, god, or goddess of Shinto.

Kamidana:

A shelf or home altar for the veneration of kami.

Kamikaze:

“Spirit wind”; suicide fighter pilots of World War II.

Kojiki:

The earliest chronicle of Japanese ancient myths.

Misogi:

A ritual of purification that involves standing under a waterfall.

Nihongi:

The second chronicle of Japanese myths and history.

Noh:

Dramas performed in mask and costume, associated with Shinto.

Omoto:

A New Religion, which stresses art and beauty.

Samurai:

Feudal soldier.

Shimenawa:

Twisted rope, marking a sacred spot.

Tenrikyo:

A New Religion devoted to human betterment.

Torii:

A gate-like structure that marks a Shinto sacred place.

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