A book of the sayings attributed to Confucius and his early disciples.
The mysterious origin of the universe, which is present and visible in everything.
The classic scripture of Daoism.
The classical literature of the time preceding Confucius, including poetry, history, and divination.
The major Confucian books, which include the sayings of Confucius and Mencius.
“Noble person”; the refined human ideal of Confucianism.
The legendary founder of Daoism.
The strictest of the Chinese philosophical schools, which advocate strong laws and punishments.
Appropriate action, ritual, propriety, etiquette.
The life force.
Empathy, consideration for others, humaneness; a Confucian virtue.
Reciprocity; a Confucian virtue.
Cultural refinement; a Confucian virtue.
“No action,” “no strain,” “effortlessness”; doing only what comes spontaneously and naturally.
Family devotion, filial piety; a Confucian virtue.
The active aspect of reality that expresses itself in speech, light, and heat.
An ancient Confucian book of divination, one of the Five Classics, still in use today.
The receptive aspect of the universe that expresses itself in silence, darkness, coolness, and rest.
Author of the Zhuangzi, a book of whimsical stories that express themes of early Daoist thought.