Jainism and Sikhism Vocab

Adi Granth:

“Original Collection”; the primary scripture of the Sikhs.

Ajiva:

Matter without soul or life.

Digambara:

“Clothed in sky”; a member of the Jain sect in which monks ideally do not wear clothing.

Gurdwara:

A Sikh temple.

Hylozoism:

The belief that all physical matter has life and feeling.

Japji:

A poem by Guru Nanak that begins the Adi Granth; the poem is recited daily by pious Sikhs.

Jina:

“Conqueror”; the Jain term for a perfected person who will not be reborn.

Jiva:

Spirit, soul, which enlivens matter.

Puja:

Ritual in honor of a tirthankara or deity.

Sallekhana:

“Holy death”; death by self-starvation, valued in Jainism as a noble end to a long life of virtue and detachment.

Shvetambara:

“Clothed in white”; a member of the Jain sect in which monks and nuns wear white clothing.

Sikh:

“Disciple”; a follower of the Sikh religion.

Sthanakavasi:

“Building person”; a member of a Jain sect that rejects the use of statues and temples.

Terapanthi:

“Thirteen”; a member of the newest Jain sect.

Tirthankara:

“Crossing maker”; in Jainism, one of the twenty-four ideal human beings of the past, Mahavira being the most recent.

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